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The following are protective factors for Breast Cancer:
Decreasing the length of time a women’s breast tissue is exposed to estrogen may help to prevent breast cancer.
Early pregnancy–estrogen levels are lower during pregnancy. Women who have a full term pregnancy before age 20 have a lower risk of breast cancer than women who have not had children or who give birth to their first child after age 35.
Breast feeding–Estrogen levels may remain lower while a woman is breast feeding. Women who breastfeed have a lower risk of breast cancer than women who have had children but did not breastfeed.
Estrogen–only hormone therapy after hysterectomy–Hormone therapy with estrogen only may be given to women who have had a hysterectomy. In these women, estrogen only therapy after menopause may decrease the risk of breast cancer. There is an increased risk of stroke and heart and blood vessel disease in postmenopausal women who take estrogen after a hysterectomy.
Risk reducing mastectomy–Some women who have a high risk of breast cancer may choose to have a risk reducing mastectomy (the removal of both breasts when there are no signs of cancer). The risk of breast cancer is much lower in these women and some feel less anxious about their risk of breast cancer.
No matter your age, you can help minimize your risk for breast cancer with a few simple healthy lifestyle changes. Drink water regularly, Eat fresh and nutritious foods, Exercise regularly, Get tested today, Keep stress levels as low as possible, Limit alcohol consumption,*Maintain a healthy weight
Breast cancer risk factors are things that increase the chance that you could develop breast cancer: Some risk factors you can control, such as drinking alcohol. Others, such as family history, you cannot control. The more risk factors you have, the more your risk increases. But, it does not mean you will develop cancer. Many women who develop breast cancer do not have any known risk factors or a family history. Understanding your risk factors can help you know how to prevent breast cancer.
Breast implants, using antiperspirants, and wearing underwire bras do not increase the risk for breast cancer. There is also no evidence of a direct link between breast cancer and pesticides.
Cancer Institute 2019